The Indian Arts and Crafts Board (IACB) promotes the economic development of federally recognized* American Indians and Alaska Natives (Indians) through the expansion of the Indian arts and crafts market. The IACB provides promotional opportunities, general business advice, and information on the Indian Arts and Crafts Act (Act) to Indian artists, craftspeople, and cultural organizations of federally recognized tribes. Additionally, the IACB operates three regional museums in the Plains Region, conducts a promotional museum exhibition program, produces a Source Directory of American Indian and Alaska Native Owned and Operated Arts and Crafts Businesses, and oversees the implementation of the Act.
* The IACB provides services, including Source Directory listings, to enrolled members of “any Indian tribe, band, nation, or Alaska Native village, or other organized group or community which is recognized as eligible for the special programs and services provided by the United States to Indians because of their status as Indians” (25 U.S.C. § 305e(d)(3)(A)). The Federally Recognized Indian Tribe List Act of 1994, 25 U.S.C. §§ 479a(2), 479a-1, requires the Secretary of the Interior to publish a list of all Indian or Alaska Native tribes, bands, nations, pueblos, villages or communities “recognize[d] to be eligible for the special programs and services provided by the United States to Indians because of their status as Indians.” Consistent with other statutes defining this Department’s responsibilities and obligations to Indian tribes, the Department interprets the first definition of Indian tribe in the Indian Arts and Crafts Act as those tribes listed on the tribal entities list published in the Federal Register.