1) What political activist organized the famous “March of the Mill Children” from Philadelphia to President Theodore Roosevelt’s summer home in 1903?
In 1903, Mary Harris Jones organized the famous “March of the Mill Children” to demand an end of child labor. Mother Jones (as she came to be called) and several dozen children, some of them crippled by machinery in the textile mills, marched from Philadelphia to President Theodore Roosevelt’s summer home on Long Island. She wrote, “I went to Kensington, Pennsylvania, where seventy-five thousand textile workers were on strike. Of this number at least ten thousand were little children. The workers were striking for more pay and shorter hours. Every day little children came into the Union Headquarters, some with their hands off, some with the thumb missing, some with their fingers off at the knuckle. They were stooped little things, round shouldered and skinny…. I asked some of the parents if they would let me have their little boys and girls for a week or ten days, promising to bring them back safe and sound…. a few men and women went with me…. One little fellow had a drum and another had a fife…. We carried banners that said: “We want time to play.”” When the children reached Roosevelt’s house, he refused to see them. But their march had drawn national attention to the problem of child labor.
2) What new economic program did China’s Mao Zedong announce in 1958?
3) What political theorist wrote, “Freedom of the press, freedom of association, the inviolability of domicile, and all the rest of the rights of man are respected so long as no one tries to use them against the privileged class. On the day they are launched against the privileged they are overthrown”?
4) Who ran for President of the United States with the campaign slogan “A chicken in every pot and a car in every garage”?
5) According to a 2001 poll, who was the most popular politician in Serbia?
6) In 2003, as part of a Republican protest against France’s opposition to the war on Iraq, what item was renamed in the U. S. House of Representatives’ cafeteria?
In 2003, as part of a Republican protest against France’s opposition to the war on Iraq, both french fries and french toast were officially renamed “freedom fries” and “freedom toast” in the U.S. House of Representatives’ cafeteria. Republican representative Bob Ney, whose committee recommended the name changes, said the action was “a small but symbolic effort to show the strong displeasure of many on Capital Hill with the actions of our so-called ally, France.” Democrat Jose Serrano, from New York, described the move as “petty grandstanding” and asked, “Should we ban French wine, Belgian waffles, or Russian dressing? If Mexico votes no, should Mexican restaurants also be banned?”
7) What U.S. President refused to use the telephone while in office?
8) What country held its first democratic elections on January 30, 2005?
9) What German political leader was known as the “Iron Chancellor”?
10) What U.S. President won the Nobel Peace Prize for his role as a peacemaker in the Russo-Japanese War?
During the Russo-Japanese War, U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt offered to serve as mediator. He summoned representatives of the warring countries to Portsmouth, New Hampshire in the summer of 1905 to discuss their differences, and the war came to a close shortly thereafter. A year later, in recognition of his role as a peacemaker, Roosevelt was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. He was the first American to receive the prestigious award.